20.03.1802 Flinders at mouth of Spencer Gulf Although the continuation of the main coast was not to be distinguished beyond the cape, yet there was land in sight at the distance of seven or eight leagues, from about south to S.18º18½' W. Whether this land were an island, or a part of the continent, and the wide opening to the east a strait, or a new inlet, was uncertain; but in either case, the investigation of the gulph was terminated; and in honour of the respectable nobleman who presided at the Board of Admiralty when the voyage was planned and the ship put into commission, I named it Spencer's Gulph. The cliffy-pointed cape which forms the east side of the entrance, and lies in 35º18' S and 136º55' E, was named Cape Spencer and the three isles lying off it, with their rocks, Althorpe Isles.
The furthest land seen a-head at noon, was a projecting point, lower than the other cliffs; it bore E.7ºS., four leagues, and lies in35º33' south, and 137º41' east. It was named Point Marsden, in compliment to the second secretary of the Admiralty; and beyond it the coast was found to trend southward into a large bay containing three coves, any one of which promised good shelter from the gale. This was called Nepean Bay, in complement to the first secretary, and we hauled up for it; but the strength of the wind was such, that a head land forming the east side of the bay was fetched with difficulty.···
The whole company was employed this afternoon, in skinning and cleaning the kanguroos; and a delightful regale they afforded, after four months privation from almost any fresh provisions. Half a hundred weight of heads, fore quarters, and tails were stewed into soup for dinner on this and the following days; and as much steaks given, moreover, to both officers and men, as they could consume by day and night. In gratitude for so seasonable a supply, I named this southern land Kanguroo Island··· not being able to obtain a distinct view from any elevated situation, I took a set of angles from a small projection near the ship, named Kanguroo Head; but nothing could be seen to the north; and the sole bearing of importance, more than had been taken on board, was that of a high hill at the extremity of the apparently unconnected land to the eastward: it bore N.39º10' E., and was named Mount Lofty. The nearest part of that land was a low point, bearing N 60º E, nine or tem miles; the land immediately at the back was high, and its northern and southern extremes were cliffy. I named it Cape Jervis, and it was afterwards sketched by Westall.
30.03.1802 Flinders at mouth of St. Vincent GulfIn honour of the noble admiral who
presided at the Board of Admiralty when I sailed from England, and had continued to the voyage that countenance and protection of which Earl Spencer had set the example, I named this new inlet, the Gulph of St.Vincent. To the peninsula which separates it from Spencer's Gulph, I have affixed the name of Yorke's Peninsula, in honour of the Right Honourable Charles Philip Yorke, who followed the steps of his above mentioned predecessors at the Admiralty.
04.04.1802 Flinders in Nepean Bay At one o'clock we reached the top of the eminence to which was given the name of Prospect Hill. The entrance of the piece of water at the head of Nepean Bay, is less than half a mile in width, and mostly shallow ··· There are four small islands in the eastern branch; one of them is moderately high and woody, the others are grassy and lower; and upon two of these we found many young pelicans, unable to fly. Flocks of the old birds were sitting upon the beaches of the lagoon, and it appeared that the islands were their breeding places; not only so, but from the number of skeletons and bones there scattered, it should seem that they had for ages been selected for the closing scene of their existence.
06.01.1803 Peron in Port DacheAt the entrance to Port Dache (Nepean Bay), one finds a large type of oyster which form their extensive banks; the flesh of this animal is tender and delicate.
06.04.1802 Flinders in Backstairs Passage
This part of Investigator's Strait is not more, in the narrowest part, than seven miles across. It forms a private entrance, as it were, to the two gulphs; and I named it Backstairs Passage, The small bay where we had anchored, is called the Ante-chamber; and the cape which forms the eastern head of the bay and of Kanguroo Island, and lies in 35º 48' south and 138º 13' east, received the appellation of Cape Willoughby. Without side of the passage, and almost equidistant from both shores, there are three small, rocky islets near together, called the Pages.
08.04.1802 Flinders off eastern end of Kangaroo IslandAt four o'clock, a white rock was reported from aloft to be seen a-head. On approaching nearer, it proved to be a ship standing towards us; and we cleared for action, in case of being attacked. The stranger was a heavy-looking ship, without any top-gallant masts up; and our colours being hoisted, she showed a French ensign, and afterwards an English jack forward as we did a white flag. At half past five, the land being then five miles distant to the north-eastward, I hove to; and learned, as the stranger passed to leeward with a free wind, that it was the French national ship Le Géographe under the command of Captain Nicolas Baudin. ···
from the great number of animals of this kind which exist on this island