Henry Viscount Palmerston

Lord of the Admiralty 1766 - 1778.

Ferdinand Bauer 1760 - 1826

worked with his brother Franz at Kew Gardens for 50 years. They were considered to be the greatest botanical illustrators of all times.

Dr. Daniel Solander

a distinguished student of Linnaeus who described the fossils, abundant in the clays of Hordwell and Barton, in the beautifully illustrated work entitled Fossilia Hantoniensia collecta, et in Musaeo Britannico deposita a Gustavo Brander (London 1766)

Mr. Stephens

one of the Secretaries to the Admiralty, according to W.R.L.Wharton.


Hydrographer of the Royal Navy 1886

Earl of Hillsborough

First Secretary of State for the Colonies, and President of the Board of Trade when Endeavour sailed.

Heny Frederick, Duke of Cumberland 1745 - 1790

younger brother of George III

William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh 1743 - 1805

a younger brother of George III, who secretly married in 1766 Maria, an illegitimate daughter of Sir Edward Walpole and widow of James, 2nd Earl Waldegrave. This greatly incensed his royal relative and led to his banishment from court. He died on 25.08.

Francis Holbourne

British Admiral who commanded the fleet in North America in which Cook served in 1757

George Montagu Dunk, Earl of Halifax 1716 - 1771

born on 05 or 06.10., became earl on his fatber's death in 1739. Educated at Eton and at Trinity College, Cambridge, he was married in 1741 to Anne Richards, a lady who had inherited a great fortune from Sir Thomas Dunk, whose name was taken by Halifax. In 1748 he became president of the Board of Trade. While filling this position he helped to found Halifax, the capital of Nova Scotia, which was named after him, and in several ways he rendered good service to trade, especially with North America. In March 1761 Halifax was appointed lord-lieutenant of Ireland, 1763 - 65 First Lord of the Admiralty. He died on 08.06.

John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich 1718- 1792

born 03.011., educated at Eton and at Trinity college, Cambridge, became First Lord of the Admiralty, until dismissed by the King in June 1751. He became Postmaster General in 1768, Secretary of State in 1773, and again Lord of the Admiralty from 1771 to 1782. For corruption and incapacity his administration is unique in the history of the British Navy. He died 0n 30.04.

Charles Watson Wentworth, 2nd Marquise of Rockingham 1730 - 1782

born 19.03. or 13.05., was educated at Westminster School and St.John's College, Cambridge. He formed his first administration with General Conway and the duke of Grafton as Secretaries of State in July 1765. He was replaced by Grafton in 1765. He became again Primeminister on 27.03.1782 and died on 01.07.

August Henry Fitzroy, 3rd Duke of Grafton 1735 - 1811

educated at Westminster and Cambridge, became 1765 Secretary of State under Rockinham, but retired a year later, and soon afterwards became First lord of the Treasury, and nominally Primeminister under Pitt, in 1766, and again under Rockingham in 1882.

Pedro Fernandez De Quiros

Portuguese pilot, sent out from Callao, Peru, as navigator by Philip III of Spain early in the 17th Century to search for a southern continent. The little fleet comprised three vessels under the command of Admiral De Torres. They left Callao on 21.12.1605, and in the following year discovered the island now known as Esperitu Santo, one of the New Hebrides group, which DE Quiros, under the impression that it was indeed the land of which he was in search, named La Australia del Esperitu Santo. Sickness and discontent led to a mutiny on De Quiros' vessel, and the crew, overpowering their officers during the night, forced the captain to navigate the ship to Mexico. Thus, abandoned by his consort, De Torres, compelled to bear up for the Philippines to refit, discovered and sailed through the strait that bears his name, and may even have caught a glimpse of the northern coast of the Australian continent. His discovery was not, however, made known until 1792, when Dalrymple rescued his name from oblivion, bestowing it upon the passage which separates New Guinea from Australia. De Quiros returned to Spain to re-engage in the work of petitioning the king to dispatch an expedition for the purpose of prosecuting the discovery of the Terra Australia. He was finally successful in his petitions, but died before accomplishing his work, and was buried in an unknown grave in Panama, never being privileged to set his foot upon the continent the discovery of which was the inspiration of his life.

Alexander Dalrymple 1737 - 1808

first Admiralty Hydrographer of the Royal Navy, distinguished himself in the East India Company's service and as a geographer

Viscount Weymouth

one of the Secretaries of State when Endeavour left England.

George Grenville 1712 - 1770

English statesman, born 14.10., educated at Eton and at Christ Church, Oxford, was called to the bar in 1735, entered Parliament in 1741 as member for Buckingham in which position he continued until his death. His nickname was "gentle shepherd", because he bored the House by asking over and over again, during the debate on the Cider Bill of 1763, that somebody should tell him "where" to lay the new tax, if it was not to be put on cider. He was First Lord of the Admiralty for a few months in 1763, and afterwards Prime Minister for two years.

John Forbes

Admiral, a Lord of the Admiralty from 1756 - 1763 and a Commissioner of Longitude in 1768

Richard Grenville-Temple, 1st Earl Temple 1711 - 1779

English statesman, brother of George Grenville, born on 26.09., educated at Eton and in 1734 returned to Parliament, a man of little ability and indifferent character, he was persistently linked to Pitt, his brother in law. In 1756, he became First lord of the Admiralty, but was intensely disliked by George II, who dismissed both of them in 1757. He died on 12.10.

Sir Charles Hardy

second in command in Hawke's great action in Quiberon Bay, 1759.

George Cockburn

Admiral, a Commissioner of Longitude and Comptroller of the Navy when Cook left England

Percy Family

This family whose deeds are so prominent in English history, was founded by William de Perci (1030 - 1096? ), a follower of the Conqueror, who bestowed on him a great fief in Yorkshire and Lincolnshire. The representatives of the earlier Percys had passed away through the daughters of Earl Thomas, beheaded in 1572, but his earldom of Northumberland created anew for him in 1537 had passed to his brother Henry, under a special remainder, and appears to have become extinct in 1670, though persistently claimed by James Percy, "the trunk-maker". The last earl's daughter, a great heiress, was mother by Charles Seymour, 6th duke of Sommerset, of Algernoon, 7th duke, who was summoned (by error) as Lord Percy in 1722 and created earl of Northumberland in 1740.

Samuel Wallis

Captain of Dolphin. According to Wharton, it is probably he who duirng a voyage across the Pacific in 1767 rediscovered Tahiti, which had first been visited by Quiros.

Captain Hunter

arrived on 18th January 1788 in the company of Admiral Phillip at Botany Bay with the ships Supply and Sirius and six transports

Peter Good

gardener on Investigator

Edward Edwards

Captain of His Majesty's frigate Pandora