1795 Bass and Flinders planning exploration of the coast

Projects of this nature, when originating in the minds of young men, are usually termed romantic; and so far from any good being anticipated, even prudence and friendship join in discouraging, if not in opposing them. Thus it was in the present case; so that a little boat of eight feet long, called Tom Thumb, with a crew composed of ourselves (Bass and Flinders) and a boy, was the best equipment to be procured for the first outset.

Zachary Hickes

Lieutenant on Captain Cook's ship Endeavour, He was the first person on board to spot the Australian coast on 19.04.1770. A Point named after him could not be identified by Bass in 1797.

Nathaniel Bateman

Captain of a ship on which Cook served as master in Canada.

John Byron 1723-1786

British Vice-admiral, born 08.11., accompanied while still very young Admiral Anson (cf. the following entry) on his travel around the world. During many years, he saw a great deal of hard service, and so constantly had he to contend with adverse gales and dangerous storms, that he was nicknamed by the sailors "Foul-weather Jack". He died on 10.04.

George Anson 1697-1762

British admiral, born 23.04., entered the navy in February 1712 and became lieutenant in 1716, commander in 1722 and post-captain in 1724. In 1737, he was appointed to the Centurion which, as flagship of a fleet of six ships, was sent out ill-equipped to attack the Spanish possessions in South America. After losing 5 ships by successive disasters, he circumnavigated the world in the course of eight years, capturing underway at Cape Espiritu Santo the Nuestra Señora de Covadonga. By the world at large, he is known as the commander of this voyage. In 1745, he was invited to join the Admiralty with the rank of rear-admiral of the white. In 1751, he became first Lord of the Admiralty. He died on 06.06.

William Hogarth 1697-1764

great British painter, born at Bartholomew Close in London on 10.11. was early distinguished by a talent for drawing and an active perspective faculty rather than by any close attention to the learning which he was soon shrewd enough to see had not made his teacher father prosper.

John Shortland

Lieutenant, who accompanied Governor John Hunter to Australia, discovered today's Newcastle in 1797 and named it Port Hunter.

John Hunter

On the 18th of January 1788 Admiral Phillip and Captain Hunter arrived in Botany Bay.


a native, whose good disposition and manly conduct had attracted Flinders' esteem, so that he asked him to accompany him on the expedition on Norfolk.

Augustus John Hervey 1724-1779

3rd earl of Bristol, born 19.05., entered the navy, where his promotion was rapid. After years of active service against the French, he served as a lord of the Admiralty from 1771 to 1775. He died 23.12. in London.

Augustus Keppel 1725-1786

viscount, British admiral, born 25.4., went to sea at the age of ten and had served already for five years when he was appointed to the Centurion and started in 1740 to travel around the world with Anson. After many years of service in various capacities, he was a member of the Admiralty Board in 1765/66. After many political difficulties, involving a lost battle, he became First Lord of the Admiralty in 1782. He died on 02.10.

Captain James Bowen

captain on H.M.S. Argo and commander of sea forces at Madeira, when Flinders visited the island in August 1801 en route to Australia. These forces had been sent in expectation of an attack by the French.

Colonel Clinton

commander of the troops of the 85th Regiment which had been sent with sea forces under captain Bowen in expectation of an attack by French forces on the island.

Hugh 1742-1817, Duke of Northumberland

first inherited his mother's barony of Percy. He was present at the battle of Minden, and although in parliament, where he was member for Westminster from 1761-1776, he had opposed the policy that led to the American War. He proceeded to Boston in1774 as colonel commanding the 5th Fusiliers, a regiment that has since then been known as the Northumberland Fusiliers. His generosity to his men made him exceedingly popular in the army; he became a general in 1793 and exercised considerable influence in politics, though he never obtained office. It is not clear that captain Cook did have a particular person in mind.

An old Norfolk family members of which formed English history

The family descended from Sir Roger Townshend of Raynham (d. 1403), legal adviser to the Paston family. His descendant, Sir Roger Townshend (1543-1590), had a son with the same name (1564-1603), a soldier, whose son of the same name (1588-1637) was created a baronet in 1617. The eldest son of his son Sir Horatio Townshend (1630-1687) was the 2nd Viscount Townshend (1674-1738), an English statesman and zealous supporter of Charles II, was educated in Eton and at King's College, Cambridge. His eldest son, the 3rd Viscount Townshend (1724-1807) was born on 28.02. and had George I. as godfather. He became a soldier and took part in campaigns in North Germany and North America. He became Lord-lieutenant of Ireland in 1767, but was recalled in 1772 after conflict with the Irish House of Commons when attempting to form an English party. According to

Thomas William Coke, Earl of Leicester 1754-1842

known as Coke of Norfolk, born 06.05., member of parliament for Norfolk, English agriculturist, died 30.06. It is not clear whether Flinders had him or some other person in mind.

Sir Roger Curtis

On 03.11.1801, before leaving the Cape of Good Hope, Flinders wrote: Through the kind attention of sir Roger Curtis, the commander in chief, the state of the ship and our provisions and stores were as complete as when leaving Spithead.