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## ฟิสิกส์โอลิมปิก วิทยาศาสตร์โอลิมปิก ข้อสอบแข่งขัน ข้อสอบชิงทุน => GRE - Physics => Topic started by: conantee on December 31, 2009, 01:04:31 PM

 Title: GR8677.026 Post by: conantee on December 31, 2009, 01:04:31 PM 26. A nickel target () is bombarded with fast electrons. The minimum electron kinetic energy needed to produce x-rays in the K serires is most nearly(A) (B) (C) (D) (E) Title: Re: GR8677.026 Post by: conantee on December 31, 2009, 01:29:48 PM This requires more knowledge about atomic structure in multielectron atoms. Still, we duplicate the logic from hydrogen atom. Now, let's get back to hydrogen atom, we know that energy of hydrogen atom is for Now, for inner most level, the electron in nickel's atom "sees" an effective nuclear charge of approximately , where is elementary charge and is the atomic number of the element. This is because there are two electrons in the deepest shell. One will see nucleus and another electron be an effective nucleus. If you remember Bohr's theory and how to derive energy levels, you should notice that the charge of nucleus appears as square in the energy term. So, the energy is revised to for Now, in order to produce x-rays in the K series, i.e., x-rays from transition of n=1 level, the minimum energy is from transition from n=1 to the closest level, n =2.Plugging , we got The correct is therefore (D). 28 of 100 people got the right answer.